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Title: Excess mortality in Guadeloupe and Martinique, islands of the French West Indies, during the chikungunya epidemic of 2014
Autores: Ribas Freitas, A. R.
Alarcón-Elbal, Pedro María
Donalisio, M. R.
Researchers (UNIBE): Alarcón-Elbal, Pedro María 
Affiliations: Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Research area: Ciencias de la Salud; Ciencias de la Vida
Keywords: Arboviruses; Chikungunya virus; Modelling; Mortality; Vectors
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Source: Epidemiology & Infection, 146(16), 2059-2065
Journal: Epidemiology and Infection 
Volume: 146
Issue: 16
Start page: 2059
End page: 2065
In some chikungunya epidemics, deaths are not completely captured by traditional surveillance systems, which record case and death reports. We evaluated excess deaths associated with the 2014 chikungunya virus (CHIKV) epidemic in Guadeloupe and Martinique, Antilles. Population (784 097 inhabitants) and mortality data, estimated by sex and age, were accessed from the Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques in France. Epidemiological data, cases, hospitalisations and deaths on CHIKV were obtained from the official epidemiological reports of the Cellule de Institut de Veille Sanitaire in France. Excess deaths were calculated as the difference between the expected and observed deaths for all age groups for each month in 2014 and 2015, considering the upper limit of 99% confidence interval. The Pearson correlation coefficient showed a strong correlation between monthly excess deaths and reported cases of chikungunya (R = 0.81, p < 0.005) and with a 1-month lag (R = 0.87, p < 0.001); and a strong correlation was also observed between monthly rates of hospitalisation for CHIKV and excess deaths with a delay of 1 month (R = 0.87, p < 0.0005). The peak of the epidemic occurred in the month with the highest mortality, returning to normal soon after the end of the CHIKV epidemic. There were excess deaths in almost all age groups, and excess mortality rate was higher among the elderly but was similar between male and female individuals. The overall mortality estimated in the current study (639 deaths) was about four times greater than that obtained through death declarations (160 deaths). Although the aetiological diagnosis of all deaths associated with CHIKV infection is not always possible, already well-known statistical tools can contribute to the evaluation of the impact of CHIKV on mortality and morbidity in the different age groups.
DOI: 10.1017/S0950268818002315
Appears in Collections:Publicaciones del IMTSAG-UNIBE
Publicaciones indexadas en Scopus / Web of Science

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