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|Title:||Prevalence and associated risk factors of bronchial asthma in children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic||Autores:||González Mejías, Stephanie
|Researchers (UNIBE):||González Mejías, Stephanie||Affiliations:||Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud||Research area:||Ciencias de la Salud||Keywords:||Asthma; Pediatrics; Santo Domingo||Issue Date:||2018||Publisher:||Cureus, Inc.||Source:||Cureus 10(2), e2211||Journal:||Cureus||Volume:||10||Issue:||2||Start page:||e2211||Abstract:||
Background Bronchial asthma is an important health problem worldwide. There is insufficient data on the prevalence of bronchial asthma among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Objective The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of asthma and its related risk factors among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study using a modified questionnaire was conducted in Santo Domingo among 600 children aged three to 11 eleven years. The prevalence of asthma and its associated risk factors such as birth order, family history of asthma, family history of allergy, exposure to pets at home, exposure to tobacco smoke, and source of fuel used at home were collected. The relevant data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 24.0. (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY) software. Results The prevalence of asthma was found to be 22.0%. Age, family history of asthma, family history of allergy, exposure to tobacco smoke, and birth order showed statistical significance. The source of fuel used at home, gender, and exposure to pets were not statistically significant to be considered as risk factors associated with asthma in the population studied. Conclusion With an asthma prevalence of 22.0% in the pediatric population, the Dominican Republic has one of the highest national rates of asthma in the pediatric population in Latin America. Proper education, screening, and prevention can help lower the burden of this disease economically and socially.
|Appears in Collections:||Publicaciones del Área de Salud - Medicina|
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