Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://cris.unibe.edu.do/handle/123456789/284
Title: Prevalence and associated risk factors of bronchial asthma in children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Autores: González Mejías, Stephanie
Ramphul, K.
Researchers (UNIBE): González Mejías, Stephanie 
Affiliations: Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud 
Research area: Ciencias de la Salud
Keywords: Asthma; Pediatrics; Santo Domingo
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Cureus, Inc.
Source: Cureus 10(2), e2211
Journal: Cureus 
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Start page: e2211
Abstract: 
Background Bronchial asthma is an important health problem worldwide. There is insufficient data on the prevalence of bronchial asthma among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Objective The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of asthma and its related risk factors among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study using a modified questionnaire was conducted in Santo Domingo among 600 children aged three to 11 eleven years. The prevalence of asthma and its associated risk factors such as birth order, family history of asthma, family history of allergy, exposure to pets at home, exposure to tobacco smoke, and source of fuel used at home were collected. The relevant data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 24.0. (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY) software. Results The prevalence of asthma was found to be 22.0%. Age, family history of asthma, family history of allergy, exposure to tobacco smoke, and birth order showed statistical significance. The source of fuel used at home, gender, and exposure to pets were not statistically significant to be considered as risk factors associated with asthma in the population studied. Conclusion With an asthma prevalence of 22.0% in the pediatric population, the Dominican Republic has one of the highest national rates of asthma in the pediatric population in Latin America. Proper education, screening, and prevention can help lower the burden of this disease economically and socially.
URI: http://cris.unibe.edu.do/handle/123456789/284
DOI: 10.7759/cureus.2211
Appears in Collections:Publicaciones de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud

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