Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://cris.unibe.edu.do/handle/123456789/334
Title: Community SARS-CoV-2 Dynamics and Cycle Threshold Use for Enhanced Public Health Surveillance in the Dominican Republic
Autores: Paulino, Amy
Delgadillo, Miguel Andrés
Tapia-Barredo, Leandro
Suero Guzmán, Claudia
Maletta Francisco, Leeany
Trochez Cordero, Stephanie
Castillo, Jason A.
Duque Canaán, Paula M.
Vallejo Degaudenzi, Alejandro G.
Hidalgo Rosario, Daniela I.
Del Orbe-Matos, Diego A.
Cabrera De la Cruz, Jhasmel
Campaña Muñoz, José Miguel
Sánchez-Marte, Estefani
Paulino-Ramírez, Robert
Researchers (UNIBE): Paulino, Amy 
Delgadillo, Miguel Andrés 
Tapia-Barredo, Leandro 
Suero Guzmán, Claudia 
Maletta Francisco, Leeany 
Trochez Cordero, Stephanie 
Castillo, Jason A. 
Duque Canaán, Paula M. 
Vallejo Degaudenzi, Alejandro G. 
Hidalgo Rosario, Daniela I. 
Del Orbe-Matos, Diego A. 
Cabrera De la Cruz, Jhasmel 
Campaña Muñoz, José Miguel 
Sánchez-Marte, Estefani 
Paulino-Ramírez, Robert 
Affiliations: Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud 
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud 
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud 
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud 
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Research area: Ciencias de la Salud
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Source: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 105(5) suppl., 313
Journal: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 
Volume: 105
Issue: 5
Start page: 313
End page: 313
Conference: ASTMH 2021 Annual Meeting
Abstract: 
Asymptomatic COVID positive hotspots may be going undetected by public health surveillance systems. This study aimed to understand viral load dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 in the Dominican Republic using the Cycle threshold (Ct) value of RdRP gene amplification as a marker for the public health surveillance of undetected transmission pockets. 3,309 saliva samples were analyzed across 24 hospitals in the Dominican Republic and processed by automatic nucleic acid purification. Levels of viral RNA were determined by RT-qPCR. Results were considered "Detected'' when Ct of the RdRP gene amplification was <37 and considered "Undetected" when the Ct was >37 or if no amplification curve was detected. Positivity rates were compared with RT-qPCR Ct values and were used as a proxy for viral load as it is inversely proportional to the sample's viral load. The samples yielded a positivity rate of 18.01%. Mean Ct was 29.3 (r =-0.034, p=0.04) and correlated significantly with community positivity rates. Mean age for positive samples was 39.8 years old (yo) [SD=15] with a distribution from 35-54 yo. There was no significant correlation identified between age groups [F(19, 30)=0.65, p=0.5] or between mean Ct by age groups and community positivity. No difference in viral load was found when comparing symptomatic and asymptomatic COVID-positive patients (t(140)=0.52, p=0.6). Mean Ct in the asymptomatic population was significantly and inversely correlated with the community positivity rate (r=-0.43, R2=0.181, p=0.0002). Significant differences were found in Ct when comparing time elapsed from the date of onset of symptoms to the date of RT-qPCR test [F(3, 319)=6.6, p=0.0002]. Our findings indicate that viral loads are comparable between age groups and between symptomatic and asymptomatic presentations, thus widespread surveillance strategies should be implemented to detect younger and asymptomatic populations that could serve as community transmission pockets. The use of RT-qPCR Ct values to understand community viral load should be considered as a tool for public health surveillance especially in resource-limited countries such as the Dominican Republic.
Description: 
Poster #977
URI: http://cris.unibe.edu.do/handle/123456789/334
DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.abstract2021
Appears in Collections:Publicaciones del IMTSAG-UNIBE

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