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Title: Health care access and migration experiences among Venezuelan female sex workers living in the Dominican Republic
Autores: Paulino-Ramírez, Robert
Felker Kantor, E.
Faccini, M.
Rodríguez-Lauzurique, R. M.
Canario De la Torre, Maureen M.
Henríquez-Cross, Analía
Castro, A.
Researchers (UNIBE): Paulino-Ramírez, Robert 
Canario De la Torre, Maureen M. 
Henríquez-Cross, Analía 
Affiliations: Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Research area: Ciencias de la Salud
Keywords: Dominican Republic; Venezuela; Migrant; Sexual health; Reproductive health; Access to health services; Social discrimination
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) = Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS)
Source: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, 47, e55; 2023
Journal: Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica = Pan American Journal of Public Health 
Volume: 47
Issue: e55
Objective. To identify sexual risk behaviors and barriers to sexual and reproductive health care (SRH) among Venezuelan female sex workers living in the Dominican Republic. Methods. This was a mixed-methods study using four focus group discussions (FGDs) and a cross-sectional quantitative survey with Venezuelan migrant female sex workers. The study was conducted from September through October 2021 in two urban areas (Santo Domingo and Puerto Plata) in the Dominican Republic. Infor- mation collected from the FGDs was analyzed using thematic content analysis, and quantitative data were analyzed using univariate descriptive statistics. Data analysis was conducted from 30 November 2021 to 20 February 2022. Results. In all, 40 Venezuelan migrant female sex workers with a median (range) age of 33 (19-49) years par- ticipated in the FGDs and survey. The FDGs identified barriers to SRH services, including immigration status and its implications for formal employment and health access, mental wellbeing, quality-of-life in the Domin- ican Republic, navigating sex work, perceptions of sex work, SRH knowledge, and limited social support. Findings of the quantitative analysis indicated that most participants reported feeling depressed (78%), lonely/ isolated (75%), and having difficulty sleeping (88%). Participants reported an average of 10 sexual partners in the past 30 days; 55% had engaged in sexual practices while under the influence of alcohol; and only 39% had used a condom when performing oral sex in the past 30 days. Regarding AIDS/HIV, 79% had taken an HIV test in the past 6 months, and 74% knew where to seek HIV services. Conclusions. This mixed-methods study found that nationality and social exclusion have a multilayered influ- ence on migrant female sex workers, sexual risk behaviors, and access to health care. Recommendations for effective evidence-based interventions to address sexual health knowledge need to be implemented to address risky sexual behaviors, improve access to SRH, and reduce affordability barriers.
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Publicaciones indexadas en Scopus / Web of Science

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