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Title: Sex work, social support, and stigma: Experiences of transgender women in the Dominican Republic
Autores: Milner, A. N.
Hearld, K. R.
Abreu, Nicole
Budhwani, H.
Rodríguez-Lauzurique, Rosa Mayra
Paulino-Ramírez, Robert
Researchers (UNIBE): Abreu, Nicole 
Rodríguez-Lauzurique, Rosa Mayra 
Paulino-Ramírez, Robert 
Affiliations: Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Instituto de Medicina Tropical y Salud Global (IMTSAG) 
Research area: Ciencias Sociales
Keywords: Dominican Republic; Sex work; Social support; Stigma; Transgender women
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: International Journal of Transgenderism, 20(4), 403-412
Journal: International Journal of Transgenderism 
Volume: 20
Issue: 4
Start page: 403
End page: 412
Background: Transgender populations, and especially those in resource-limited settings, are at an elevated risk of experiencing stigma and discrimination.
Aims: This study sought to examine the relationship between parental, familial, and other social support, experiences of stigma and discrimination, quality of life, and sex work in a national sample of transgender women in the Dominican Republic (n = 291).
Methods: Descriptive analyses for the outcome variable, sex work, as well as for measures associated with socio-demographics, social support, stigma, quality of life, and experiences of abuse and violence were performed. Bivariate analysis examined differences between respondents involved in sex work and those not involved in sex work.
Results: We found that participation in sex work was associated with low social support and quality of life and increased experiences of stigma, discrimination, and abuse. Specifically, Dominican transgender women involved in sex work received less social support than their non-sex working peers; they experienced heightened arguments and problems with non-parental family members, professors or bosses, classmates, and close friends, as well of loss of friendships. Involvement in sex work was also associated with higher levels of stigma and discrimination, lower quality of life, and experiences of sexual abuse, torture, and experiences of attempted murder on one’s life.
Discussion: Transgender women participating in sex work require more rather than less social support from family members and loved ones, especially in areas where workplace discrimination policies that affect transgender individuals are nebulous, such as the Dominican Republic.
DOI: 10.1080/15532739.2019.1596862
Appears in Collections:Publicaciones del IMTSAG-UNIBE
Publicaciones indexadas en Scopus / Web of Science

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